Tomcat-如何建立连接获取http请求

tomcat-如何建立连接,获取远程请求

学习探讨tomcat如何建立网络连接协议,并处理客户端过来的请求

建立网络连接,指定http1.1通信协议

tomcat在创建时,会创建连接对象,负责处理客户端的请求,基于socket

connector 连接 protocol 协议 endpoint终端 socket插座,端口连接

创建初始化

connector -> protocol -> endpoint -> socket

接收请求创建任务

acceptor.socket.acceptor()->

​ socketWrapper(携带通信信息)

​ -> poller(socketWrapper)

​ -> execute(socketWrapper) 创建线程

Tomcat-如何建立连接获取http请求

创建连接器

Conector类

org.apache.catalina.connector.Connector

空参构造connector() -> connector(http/1.1)

/**
 * Defaults to using HTTP/1.1 NIO implementation.
 */
public Connector() {
    this("HTTP/1.1");
}

指定通信协议http11

org.apache.coyote.http11.Http11NioProtocol

-> new Http11NioProtocol()

public Http11NioProtocol() {
       super(new NioEndpoint());
   }

指定服务终端处理模型非阻塞nio

org.apache.tomcat.util.net.NioEndpoint

-> new NioEndPoint()

创建之后如何被启动?见springboot启动tomcat方式

终端处理线程和线程池初始化

启动之后

NioEndpoint执行bind()方法,

一些初始化,绑定端口

@Override
    public void bind() throws Exception {
        initServerSocket();
        setStopLatch(new CountDownLatch(1));
        // Initialize SSL if needed
        initialiseSsl();
        selectorPool.open(getName());
    }
	
	//socket相关  initServerSocket()具体如下
	// Separated out to make it easier for folks that extend NioEndpoint to
    // implement custom [server]sockets
    protected void initServerSocket() throws Exception {
            //.......
        	//根据平台不同,反回具体底层类对象(windows,linux,unix)
            serverSock = ServerSocketChannel.open();
            socketProperties.setProperties(serverSock.socket());
            //绑定地址和端口号
            InetSocketAddress addr = new InetSocketAddress(getAddress(), getPortWithOffset());
            serverSock.socket().bind(addr,getAcceptCount());
        	//.......
    }

NioEndpoint初始化之后,调用start()执行startInternal()

代码如下

// Create worker collection
if (getExecutor() == null) {
    //创建线程池
    createExecutor();
}

initializeConnectionLatch();
// Start poller thread
// 创建客户端队列(客户端过来的请求)

poller = new Poller();
Thread pollerThread = new Thread(poller, getName() + "-ClientPoller");
pollerThread.setPriority(threadPriority);
pollerThread.setDaemon(true);
pollerThread.start();

//创建接收远程请求线程
startAcceptorThread();

初始化线程池配置

-> createExecutor() 用于处理用户请求

指定 备用线程,对大线程数,队列类型,超时时间,和线程工厂

public void createExecutor() {
        internalExecutor = true;
        TaskQueue taskqueue = new TaskQueue();
        TaskThreadFactory tf = new TaskThreadFactory(getName() + "-exec-", daemon, getThreadPriority());
        executor = new ThreadPoolExecutor(getMinSpareThreads(), getMaxThreads(), 60, TimeUnit.SECONDS,taskqueue, tf);
        taskqueue.setParent( (ThreadPoolExecutor) executor);
    }

创建Poller线程

poller = new Poller();
Thread pollerThread = new Thread(poller, getName() + "-ClientPoller");
pollerThread.setPriority(threadPriority);
pollerThread.setDaemon(true);
pollerThread.start();

创建Acceptor线程

protected void startAcceptorThread() {
        acceptor = new Acceptor<>(this);
        String threadName = getName() + "-Acceptor";
        acceptor.setThreadName(threadName);
        Thread t = new Thread(acceptor, threadName);
        t.setPriority(getAcceptorThreadPriority());
        t.setDaemon(getDaemon());
        t.start();
    }

处理请求的相关对象(线程)

Acceptor

org.apache.tomcat.util.net.Acceptor

Acceptor 负责循环等待远程请求,将请求以socket形式携带信息,调用setSocketOptions()将socket包装配置为socketWrapper,

setSocketOptions: 对socket包装处理配置,使用poller对象注册到队列,让poller线程做后续的处理

Acceptor 类的run方法:

public void run() {

        int errorDelay = 0;
		//......以下省略部分代码
        try {
            // Loop until we receive a shutdown command
            // 一直循环等待远程请求
            while (!stopCalled) {
                // Accept the next incoming connection from the server socket
                // 1 接收请求
                socket = endpoint.serverSocketAccept();
                    
                // setSocketOptions() will hand the socket off to
                // 2 处理请求,setSocketOptions() 内部调用poller 将新请求任务放入队列
                if (!endpoint.setSocketOptions(socket)) {
                    endpoint.closeSocket(socket);
                }
                        
            }
        } finally {
            stopLatch.countDown();
        }
        state = AcceptorState.ENDED;
    }

Poller

org.apache.tomcat.util.net.NioEndpoint.Poller

Poller负责接收包装后的socket请求,放入队列,

并在run方法中循环去poll()请求任务,将与流读写有关的组件IOChannel Selector socketWrapper 绑定关联

再通过selector获取selectionKeys

迭代循环获取对应的socket,提交任务(线程),线程读写处理socketWrapper等后续操作

public void run() {
            // Loop until destroy() is called
            while (true) {
                // events()方法 poller队列任务处理  将IOChannel Selector socketWrapper 关联 
		hasEvents = events();
                //......省略
				
                Iterator<SelectionKey> iterator =
                    keyCount > 0 ? selector.selectedKeys().iterator() : null;
                // Walk through the collection of ready keys and dispatch
                // 非阻塞io api 任务处理
                while (iterator != null && iterator.hasNext()) {
                    SelectionKey sk = iterator.next();
                    iterator.remove();
                    NioSocketWrapper socketWrapper = (NioSocketWrapper) sk.attachment();
                    // Attachment may be null if another thread has called
                    // cancelledKey()
                    if (socketWrapper != null) {
                        // 如果有等待处理的任务,则处理
                        processKey(sk, socketWrapper);
                        //processKey内部会调用processSocket方法,最终用线程池提交任务
                    }
                }

                // Process timeouts
                timeout(keyCount,hasEvents);
            }

            getStopLatch().countDown();
        }

调用线程池处理请求

org.apache.tomcat.util.net.AbstractEndpoint

public boolean processSocket(SocketWrapperBase<S> socketWrapper,
            SocketEvent event, boolean dispatch) {
        try {
            if (socketWrapper == null) {
                return false;
            }
            SocketProcessorBase<S> sc = null;
            if (processorCache != null) {
                sc = processorCache.pop();
            }
            if (sc == null) {
                sc = createSocketProcessor(socketWrapper, event);
            } else {
                sc.reset(socketWrapper, event);
            }
            Executor executor = getExecutor(); //获取线程池
            if (dispatch && executor != null) {
                executor.execute(sc); //最终通过线程池处理配置后的请求
            } else {
                sc.run();
            }
        } catch (RejectedExecutionException ree) {
            getLog().warn(sm.getString("endpoint.executor.fail", socketWrapper) , ree);
            return false;
        } catch (Throwable t) {
            ExceptionUtils.handleThrowable(t);
            // This means we got an OOM or similar creating a thread, or that
            // the pool and its queue are full
            getLog().error(sm.getString("endpoint.process.fail"), t);
            return false;
        }
        return true;

events队列

private final SynchronizedQueue<PollerEvent> events =
                new SynchronizedQueue<>(); //事件队列(socket请求)
//注册请求到队列
public void rigister(final NioSocketWrapper socketWrapper)
{
    event = new PollerEvent(socketWrapper, OP_REGISTER);
	addEvent(event);
}

private void addEvent(PollerEvent event) {
    events.offer(event);
    if (wakeupCounter.incrementAndGet() == 0) {
        selector.wakeup();
    }
}

其他

events()绑定及后面的 processSocket()最终提交实际处理任务到线程

/**
         * Processes events in the event queue of the Poller.
         *
         * @return <code>true</code> if some events were processed,
         *   <code>false</code> if queue was empty
         */
        public boolean events() {
            boolean result = false;

            PollerEvent pe = null;
            for (int i = 0, size = events.size(); i < size && (pe = events.poll()) != null; i++ ) {
                result = true;
                NioSocketWrapper socketWrapper = pe.getSocketWrapper();
                SocketChannel sc = socketWrapper.getSocket().getIOChannel();
                int interestOps = pe.getInterestOps();
                if (sc == null) {
                    log.warn(sm.getString("endpoint.nio.nullSocketChannel"));
                    socketWrapper.close();
                } else if (interestOps == OP_REGISTER) {
                    try {
                        //注册绑定
                        sc.register(getSelector(), SelectionKey.OP_READ, socketWrapper);
                    } catch (Exception x) {
                        log.error(sm.getString("endpoint.nio.registerFail"), x);
                    }
                } else {
                    final SelectionKey key = sc.keyFor(getSelector());
                    if (key == null) {
                        // The key was cancelled (e.g. due to socket closure)
                        // and removed from the selector while it was being
                        // processed. Count down the connections at this point
                        // since it won't have been counted down when the socket
                        // closed.
                        socketWrapper.close();
                    } else {
                        final NioSocketWrapper attachment = (NioSocketWrapper) key.attachment();
                        if (attachment != null) {
                            // We are registering the key to start with, reset the fairness counter.
                            try {
                                int ops = key.interestOps() | interestOps;
                                attachment.interestOps(ops);
                                key.interestOps(ops);
                            } catch (CancelledKeyException ckx) {
                                cancelledKey(key, socketWrapper);
                            }
                        } else {
                            cancelledKey(key, socketWrapper);
                        }
                    }
                }
                if (running && !paused && eventCache != null) {
                    pe.reset();//清空任务socketWrapper
                    eventCache.push(pe);
                }
            }

            return result;
        }

setSocketOptions 中的socket任务注册

protected boolean setSocketOptions(SocketChannel socket) {
        NioSocketWrapper socketWrapper = null;
        try {
            // Allocate channel and wrapper
            NioChannel channel = null;
            if (nioChannels != null) {
                channel = nioChannels.pop();
            }
            //...... 部分省略
            NioSocketWrapper newWrapper = new NioSocketWrapper(channel, this);
            
            socketWrapper.setKeepAliveLeft(NioEndpoint.this.getMaxKeepAliveRequests());
            poller.register(socketWrapper);
            return true;
        } catch (Throwable t) {
            ExceptionUtils.handleThrowable(t);
            try {
                log.error(sm.getString("endpoint.socketOptionsError"), t);
            } catch (Throwable tt) {
                ExceptionUtils.handleThrowable(tt);
            }
            if (socketWrapper == null) {
                destroySocket(socket);
            }
        }
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